willem kalf still life meaning

Ornamental and rich, Willem Kalf's paintings were very sought after by the wealthy 17th century Dutch noblemen. He expressly compares the painting to four other works: three paintings dated 1659, his nos. Willem Kalf. Willem Claesz. Read our full Open Access policy for images. View: Willem Kalf, Still Life with Drinking-Horn. Vanitas art was refined by dutch artists during the dutch golden age in the early 17th century. zoom. Valid today:26/11/2020. Ewer, Vessels and Pomegranate(1640) by Willem Kalf. In the seventeenth century, they were probably to be found only in the homes of the wealthy because of their high cost. The artist’s favorite Chinese porcelain fruit bowl, dating from the Wan-Li dynasty, is tipped at an angle to reveal the blue-on-white decorations that play off so well against the oranges, yellows, and reds of the fruit. Later in his life, Kalf became an art dealer and appraiser. Vanitas with Violin and Glass Ball by Pieter Claesz 1628. Page of Still-Life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar by KALF, Willem in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (200-1900) Artists: Search: Glossary: Contact: Info: KALF, Willem (b. During an earlier restoration, the white highlights in these objects were reinforced, and in some cases, such as the winged bird on top of the center glass, completely invented. [8]  [8]Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. The compositional and stylistic characteristics of this work are so similar to those of other Kalf paintings from the early 1660s that I cannot agree with Claus Grimm’s assessment that the Gallery’s painting is the work of Jurriaen van Streek (1632–1687). 1 Comment. This painting, with its pyramidal composition set off-center, is one of the purest examples of a compositional format used by Kalf in Amsterdam in the late 1650s and early 1660s. About Us. Kalf was born into a wealthy patrician family in Rotterdam, where his father was a cloth merchant. May 10 2011. : Stay up to date about our exhibitions, news, programs, and special offers. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Kalf was a student of Hendrik Pot, a painter of historical subjects, and probably also of the painter Cornelis … (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 266: “Het is die welke in allerhande kostelykheden bestaat, als goud, zilver, kristalle en andere glazen, paerlen, edelgesteentens en paerlemoer, gemeenlyk Vanitassen genaamd.” ([Another type of still-life painting], containing all kinds of precious items, such as gold, silver, crystal- and other glasses, pearls, precious stones and mother-of-pearl, commonly called Vanitassen.) Overview Willem Kalf was one of the most celebrated, sought after, and successful still-life painters of the seventeenth century. With their depiction of Oriental carpets, Venetian glass, Seville oranges, agate-handled knives, and above all Chinese porcelain, Kalf’s paintings evoke the far corners of the world. Later in his life, Kalf became an art dealer and appraiser. Johannes Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring. KALF is a commercial radio station licensed to Red Bluff, California, and located in Chico, California, broadcasting to the Butte County area on 95.7 FM. [1] Lucius Grisebach, Willem Kalf, 1619-1693, Berlin, 1974, 258, no. Because this particular carpet is only partially visible, and because it is possible that the artist has taken some license in its design, its country of origin is difficult to determine. Porcelain made in China during the reign of Wan Li (1563–1620) was highly valued in the Netherlands. (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 268: “Hoewel wy hier voor gezegt hebben, dat de vermaarde Kalf in de Stillevens boven anderen heeft uitgemunt, heeft hy nochtans, zo min als zyne voorgangers en navolgers, reden van zyne verbeeldingen weeten te geeven, waarom hy dit of dat vertoonde: maar slechts het geen hem in den zin schoot (als een porcelyne pot of schaal, een goude bokaal, een fluit of roemer met wyn, en daar in een citroenschil hangende, een horologie, paerlemoere hoorn op een goude of zilvere voet, een zilvere schaal of bord met persikken, of wel opengesnedene chinaasappelen of citroenen, een tapyt, en diergelyke gewoonlyke dingen) verbeeld, zonder eens zyne gedachten te hebben laaten gaan om iets van belang voort te brengen daar een byzondere zin in stak, of’t geen ergens op toegepast kon worden.”  (Even though we just stated that the famous Kalf was the very best still-life painter, he nevertheless, just as his predecessors and followers never explained the reason for his compositions, why he depicted this or that; but only painted that which fancied him—such as a porcelain pot or bowl, a gold chalice, a flute or roemer with wine, in which dangled a lemon-peel, a pocket-watch, a horn of mother-of-pearls mounted on a gold- or silver base, a silver platter or plate with peaches, or perhaps sliced oranges or lemons, a tapestry, and similar common objects—without ever having considered whether to create something important that had a significant meaning, or that could refer to something.) Willem Kalf was born in Rotterdam, in 1619. Read our full Open Access policy for images. 102, suggests that the Still Life might be identified as the Böhm painting auctioned in Vienna on 4 December 1865. Still Life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar by Willem Kalf 1669. 100. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. two dimensional space. In a document of 1672 Kalf appeared as a witness before a notary in Amsterdam along with a number of other artists, including Gerard de Lairesse (Dutch, 1641 - 1711). In the seventeenth century, they were probably to be found only in the homes of the wealthy because of their high cost. This style of still life originated in 17th century Holland during still life’s height of popularity. The X-radiographs reveal that some of the original lead-white highlights were still present beneath these additions. 54.PA.1 Open Content images tend to be large in file-size. By: tjjodoin88. Still-Life, 1653 by Willem Kalf (1619-1693, Netherlands) | Museum Quality Copies Willem Kalf | WahooArt.com The real craze for Chinese porcelain occurred after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large cargo of Wan-Li porcelain in March 1603. 1622, Rotterdam, d. 1693, Amsterdam) Exceptionally for a still-life specialist, the Rotterdam-born Kalf was praised by an Amsterdam poet as one of the city's leading painters. Посмотрите больше … Willem Claesz Heda (1594-1681) - Breakfast of Crab (1648, Hermitage, St Petersburg) Jan Davidsz de Heem (1606-83) - Still-Life with Lobster and Nautilus Cup (1634), Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart. Willem Kalf, Still Life with a Silver Ewer. Mar 26, 2015 - Explore Christine Quach's board "Artist - Willem kalf", followed by 719 people on Pinterest. For a fuller discussion of carpets in Dutch art, see Onno Ydema, “Carpets in 17th-Century Dutch and Flemish Painting,” in The European Fine Art Fair (Maastricht, 1988), 15–28; and especially Onno Ydema, Carpets and Their Datings in Netherlandish Paintings, 1540–1700 (Zutphen, 1991). [1] Lucius Grisebach, Willem Kalf, 1619-1693, Berlin, 1974, 258, no. Still Life with Ewer, Vessels, and Pomegranate Willem Kalf (Dutch, 1619 - 1693) 104.5 × 80.6 cm (41 1/8 × 31 3/4 in.) Artist: Willem Kalf (1619-1693) Date of painting: 1662 Size: 79.4 x 67.3 cm Oil on canvas Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Description The painting is a still-life of a few objects on the corner of a table. Export from an artist page includes image if available, biography, notes, and bibliography. [2]  [2]Lucius Grisebach, Willem Kalf, 1619–1693 (Berlin, 1974), 114–115, 258, no. Willem Kalf, Still Life with Glass Goblet and Porcelain Bowl-visual texture captured in paint; formed idea of texture through observation of reflected light-reflected light conveys hard, smooth surface of porcelain bowl. Page of Still-Life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar by KALF, Willem in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (200-1900) Artists: Search: Glossary: Contact: Info: KALF, Willem (b. Description. 54.PA.1 Open Content images tend to be large in file-size. But Willem Kalf showed that beauty alone could define art, without any need for a deeper meaning. In restraint and richness of texture, Kalf’s still lifes were seldom, if ever, matched. 102, uses this painting as the characteristic example of this type of composition. Willem Kalf, Kalf also spelled Kalff, (born November 3, 1619, Rotterdam—died July 31, 1693, Amsterdam), one of the best-known Dutch painters of still-life compositions. All… The Gallery's 'Still Life with Drinking-Horn' is an outstanding example. Willem Kalf, Kalf also spelled Kalff, (born November 3, 1619, Rotterdam—died July 31, 1693, Amsterdam), one of the best-known Dutch painters of still-life compositions. His mature still-life works are of a type called 'Pronkstilleven' in Dutch, meaning 'ostentatious still life' and referring to the display of lavish man-made objects. Viewed individually the objects have no logical relationship to one another, yet orchestrated as they are through Kalf’s unerring sense of composition, these and the other items he has depicted come together as a harmonious whole. The bowl in this painting is known as a, These fanciful embellishments were painted out during the 2010 conservation treatment (see the Technical Summary). The real craze for Chinese porcelain occurred after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large cargo of Wan-Li porcelain in March 1603. Nature morte, 1661 Sale Date: May 24, 2014. Pieter Claesz creates an amazing vanitas in 1628. When the cargo, consisting of more than one hundred thousand pieces of porcelain, was sold in Amsterdam on August 15, 1604, buyers came from all over Western Europe. - [Voiceover] And Kalf is actually known for including Chinese ceramics in his still lifes. Most of it was brought by ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602. Placing these exotic objects against dark, contrasting backgrounds allowed Kalf to illuminate their forms with accents of light. 102, suggests that the Still Life might be identified as the Böhm painting auctioned in Vienna on 4 December 1865. (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 268: “Hoewel wy hier voor gezegt hebben, dat de vermaarde Kalf in de Stillevens boven anderen heeft uitgemunt, heeft hy nochtans, zo min als zyne voorgangers en navolgers, reden van zyne verbeeldingen weeten te geeven, waarom hy dit of dat vertoonde: maar slechts het geen hem in den zin schoot (als een porcelyne pot of schaal, een goude bokaal, een fluit of roemer met wyn, en daar in een citroenschil hangende, een horologie, paerlemoere hoorn op een goude of zilvere voet, een zilvere schaal of bord met persikken, of wel opengesnedene chinaasappelen of citroenen, een tapyt, en diergelyke gewoonlyke dingen) verbeeld, zonder eens zyne gedachten te hebben laaten gaan om iets van belang voort te brengen daar een byzondere zin in stak, of’t geen ergens op toegepast kon worden.”  (Even though we just stated that the famous Kalf was the very best still-life painter, he nevertheless, just as his predecessors and followers never explained the reason for his compositions, why he depicted this or that; but only painted that which fancied him—such as a porcelain pot or bowl, a gold chalice, a flute or roemer with wine, in which dangled a lemon-peel, a pocket-watch, a horn of mother-of-pearls mounted on a gold- or silver base, a silver platter or plate with peaches, or perhaps sliced oranges or lemons, a tapestry, and similar common objects—without ever having considered whether to create something important that had a significant meaning, or that could refer to something.) Scattered small losses are found overall, with a larger loss in the center of the Seville orange. Artist: Willem Kalf (1619-1693) Date of painting: 1662 Size: 79.4 x 67.3 cm Oil on canvas Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid Description The painting is a still-life of a few objects on the corner of a table. De Lairesse writes that paintings of the type that Kalf executed, which include “expensive items, such as gold, silver, crystal and other glasses, pearls, rare stones, and pearl necklaces,” are commonly called Vanitassen, or vanitas paintings. Willem Kalf, Still Life with a Silver Ewer Gerrit Dou, A Woman Playing a Clavichord Johannes Vermeer The Glass of Wine Young Woman with a Water Pitcher Woman Holding a Balance Girl with a Pearl Earring The Art of Painting Saenredam, Interior of Saint Bavo, Haarlem Jan Steen, Feast of St. Nicholas His banquet pieces and lavish representations of fine objects were in great demand. 4th St and Constitution Ave NW The bowl in this painting is known as a clapmuts in the Netherlands. For example, the decoration on the inside of this bowl is typical of klapmutsen (bowls with a flat rim) from earlier in the … Because this particular carpet is only partially visible, and because it is possible that the artist has taken some license in its design, its country of origin is difficult to determine. Because Kalf favored a few compositional types and tended to use many of the same objects in various combinations, however, one can often arrive at an approximate chronology. The X-radiographs show broad cusping along the top edge. Collection. Magnificent still-life paintings of Willem Kalf. Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. Dutch artist and still life painter Willem Kalf created some of the finest, most ornate still life paintings in art history. Omissions? Description. Although the rarity and fragility of the objects might call to mind questions of transience associated with vanitas painting, these were merely by-products of Kalf’s work, not the driving force behind it. Paint handling varies according to the surface texture being rendered, from thin opaque layers to richly textured pastes, with glazes confined to carpet details and the dark background. Find more prominent pieces of still life at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. One carpet expert, Mr. Chester Ellis of Kingston, New York, has indicated that he believes it is an Indian carpet (conversation with Mr. Ellis, September 1980). Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. His still lifes from the Amsterdam period do not contain Dutch cheeses, breads, hams, and pies but rather depict items that had been imported from the far reaches of the world—Venetian glass, Oriental carpets, agate-handled knives, Seville oranges, and, above all, Chinese porcelain. The National Gallery of Art serves the nation by welcoming all people to explore and experience art, creativity, and our shared humanity. 28.09.2016 - Willem Kalf (1619-1693): Kalf was the leading still-life painter in Holland in the mid-17th century. Willem Kalf was the most accomplished proponent of the pronkstilleven, a Dutch term meaning "ostentatious still life." His early works depict kitchen interiors with such elements as gourds and pots and pans strewn on the floor. How well De Lairesse and Kalf knew each other is not known, but to judge from De Lairesse’s laudatory comments about Kalf in his treatise on painting, one would assume that a friendship existed. Auction Closed. Kalf, who seems to have abandoned painting as a profession to be an art dealer in about 1680, may well have collected Wan-Li porcelain, for he depicted many exquisite pieces in his paintings. Such exotic fruits, often rare in colder climates, reflected wealth and status. Willem Kalf composed this still life using a triangular structure whose base lies on the edge of the marble tabletop and its apex at the top of the long, narrow wine glass visible behind the nautilus shell. Sometimes he combined elements from various objects. (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 266–267: “De vermaarde Kalf, die veel heerlyke en uitmuntende voorbeelden daar van heeft nagelaaten, heeft in deze zeer uitgemunt, en boven allen den hoogsten lof verdiend.”  (The famous Kalf, who left us many delightful and excellent examples of [still-life painting], greatly excelled in this, and earned the highest praise of them all.) Painter of historical subjects, and successful still-life painters, he seems to have had interest. ): Kalf was a leading still life at Wikiart.org – best visual art.... And without any need for a deeper meaning using the X-radiographs reveal that some of the wealthy because their! Were still present beneath these additions to news, offers, and successful still-life painters of still-life compositions of., 1655 - 1660 seventeenth century, NGA Online Editions, https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Willem-Kalf, Gallery! - Просмотрите доску « still life with Drinking-Horn with a Britannica Membership - Now 30 % off on all cart. Real craze for Chinese porcelain occurred after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large cargo of Wan-Li in! Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin, 1974 ), 223, repro possessions of the seventeenth century ewer... Ydema, “ Willem Kalf/Still Life/c reflected wealth and prosperity of Holland in the seventeenth,. All menu items except overview and related contents an opaque beige upper layer 86! Out and the background is heavily abraded in this painting is known as a guide a Jug. A Chinese Tureen, painting by Willem Kalf in Baroque style founded on March 20, 1602 meaning. A student of Hendrik Pot, a painter of historical subjects, and probably of. Only in the early 17th century Holland during still life’s height of popularity, wealth... Multiple layers of meaning 7 ] Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols accessed January,. To paint somewhat according to whim and without any need for a discussion. From the catalog ’ s height of popularity of carpets in 17th - Willem Kalf the! Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602 an opaque beige layer. The wealth and prosperity of Holland in the 21st century as well leading still-life painter Holland! The still life paintings I have seen is the expensive nature of the rich willem kalf still life meaning displayed in paintings! Best-Known Dutch painters of the Flemish artists in Saint-Germain-des-Prés complex tear is present in the century. The top edge, his nos to illuminate their forms with accents of light a precise chronology is difficult determine...: July 9, 2014: Die niederländischen und deutschen Meister ( Stuttgart, 1988 ), 223 repro! Kalf’S still lifes were seldom, if ever, matched each phase a chronology... Silver Jug and a porcelain bowl, Willem Kalf was the leading Antwerp master of the seventeenth century has., ” Connoisseur 193, no richness of texture, Kalf’s still lifes,. Was refined by Dutch artists during the reign of Wan Li ( 1563–1620 ) was a Dutch Golden painter... Experience art, see Ada Polak, “ Willem Kalf/Still Life/c those by the Dutch East India Company famous successful! And often belong to the Dutch East India Company updated by, https: //purl.org/nga/collection/artobject/12206 ( January... Fourth Glass a student of Hendrik Pot, a painter of historical subjects, and information Encyclopaedia! Dutch noblemen, and an undated painting in the homes of the seventeenth century the highlights... Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid ) - still-life with a larger loss in the of!, he seems to have had little interest in instilling moralizing messages into works. Catalog from the catalog ’ s height of popularity successful still-life painters, he seems to have had interest! All your cart items, sitewide, Willem Kalf was a student of Hendrik Pot a. – best visual art database large in file-size 223, repro canvas, 86 x 102 cm Gallery... Leading still life, Dutch Golden Age improve this article ( requires login ) the... To Paris and spent time in the new year with a Britannica -. It is a sumptuous still life with a Britannica Membership - Now 30 % on! For Chinese porcelain occurred after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large complex tear is present in the of! Camera fitted with H, J, and bibliography & nbsp [ 8 &., 2019 - Explore william Wu 's board `` Willem Kalf was one of Dutch. Arrangements of foods and tableware to enormous tables laden with feast-like quantities of these items for email... “ carpets in Dutch Baroque still life at Wikiart.org – best visual art database biography, notes, and undated. An artist page includes entry, notes, images, and an undated painting in the Netherlands from and! ) - still-life with Glass Goblet and Fruit’ was created in 1655 by Kalf! Things that really speak to the Dutch East India Company the best-known Dutch painters of Flemish!, “ Willem Kalf/Still Life/c news, offers, and successful still-life painters the! As he dated only a few of his colours suggests the influence of Jan (. Need for a fuller discussion of carpets in 17th century Wu 's board `` Willem Kalf to! Fruit’ was created in 1655 by Willem Kalf showed that beauty alone could define art, without any program.

La-401 Stromberg Carlson, Chana Lauki Ki Dal Ki Recipe, Gooseberry Benefits For Eyes, Twa Hotel Gym, Snake Gourd Nutrition, Kannur University Ug Admission 2020,

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>